Multiplication Word Problems

Jane has 4 bags of candies. Each bag has 5 candies in it. How many candies does Jane have altogether?

What should we do to solve this word problem?

As with any word problem, we have to **follow four steps **to get the right answer.

**First,** ** gather clues **about this problem.

π There are 4 bags, with 5 candies in it.

π That's 4 groups of 5 candies.

**Next,** ** draw pictures **about the clues.

Tip: When a problem is about **equal groups,** you know that **you should multiply.**

These are some **key words **that you should watch out for:

times, each, product of, in all, altogether, doubled, tripled, increased by, decreased by

There are more examples key words, but these are the most common.

**Then,** ** write a multiplication equation **to show what we need to do.

An equation for 4 groups of 5 looks like this:

4 x 5=20

**Finally,** we **write the answer in a complete sentence.**

Jane has 20 candies altogether.

π Tip: The question at the end of the problem will tell you how to write your answer.

Let's solve another word problem.

There are 6 eggs in a tray. Mr. Smith bought 3 trays of eggs. How many eggs did he buy altogether?

What should we do first?

That's right!

We have to **gather clues **about the problem.

π Mr. Smith bought 3 trays, with 6 eggs in each tray.

π That's 3 groups of 6 eggs.

**Next,** we **draw a picture **of these clues.

Your picture can also look just like this.

**Then**,** write a multiplication equation **to solve the problem.

The equation for 3 groups of 6 is like this:

3 x 6=18

**Finally**,** write the answer in a complete sentence.**

Mr. Smith bought 18 eggs altogether.

Great work! π

Now, you can try doing practice. πͺ

Teachers:

Password-Free Login!π§ββοΈ

Scannable **auto login passes** make it easy for your students to login anywhere (even young learners on shared devices).

2,500+ Effective Self-Paced Lessons

Step-by-step, adaptive, mobile-friendly lessons written to grade help students learn (and relearn) Common Core skills with less effort.

Time-Saving Teacher Tools

Turn your old printables and papers into self-grading worksheets that auto assign extra work for students who fail! Even create your own adaptive quizzes. Access all tools without limits.

Question Bank

View and build off over 2.5k+ lessons, 20k+ questions, and 200+ self-grading worksheets in the growing community library.

Student Analytics

Review student progress from the teacher profile.

Assignment Tools

Set a schedule of lessons. Student progress auto-syncs for Google Classroom users.

Trusted by over 100k students, parents, and teachers each month.

Parent

Teacher

Up to 5 students

$39.99 / Year

$6.99 / Month$3.33 / Month

You save $43.89 with the annual plan

7 day free trial